Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan scholar and traveler. His full name is Abu abd al-Lah Muhammad ibn Abd al-lah I-lawati t-Tangi ibn Batutah. He is famous as one of the greatest traveler. He was born in Tangier, Morocco on 25th February 1304. This city is located 45 miles west side of Mediterranean Sea. The family of Ibn Battuta was well educated. All men were legal scholars. He was raised with the same accent. His family focused greatly on his education. In tangier, there was no school for higher education or learning as well as there was no madrassa there. That’s why Ibn Battuta traveled across different countries and searched best teachers and best libraries. A brief detail of his traveling is given below.
The Travels of Ibn Battuta
Starting of Journey:
Ibn Battuta traveled to gain learning which was not possible for him in Tangier. So he started his journey in search of best teachers and good libraries. At that time good scholars were present in Cairo, Alexandria and Damascus. Making a pilgrimage to mecca known as Hajj was its utmost desire. Ibn Battuta started his journey alone. He stayed at different Madrasas and Sufi places as he started traveling towards Tunis. The Governor of one city gave him some woolen clothes and gold as charity. He was elected as paid judge known as qadi in those times. Then he moved to Alexandria.
Ibn Battuta Trip of Alexandria:
He arrived Alexandria and spent three days there. He stayed as a guest of a Sufi named as Burhan al-din. The Sufi recognized ibn Battuta as a great traveler and recommended him to visit three of his fellow Sufis. One was living in China while other two were in India. Ibn Battuta was really happy to get the suggestion from Burhan al-din and he was glad to travel and to meet those three Sufis. Ibn Battuta also stayed in a town near Alexandria. He visited another saint and while sleeping on that men’s roof he saw a dream that a large bird came to him and carried him in the east direction and left him there. So he discussed this dream with the saint. The saint advised him to travel to India as Burhan al-din already suggested him.
The journey to Damascus:
In Damascus, he stayed for 24 days in one of three madrassas. World’s famous jurists and theologians belong to Damascus. On a classical book, they taught their students and then after taking the test they issue certificates to those who passed this test. He also took some formal studies here.
Entrance in Mecca:
In the mid of October in 1326 Ibn Battuta entered Mecca. After one year and four months, he reached Mecca, staying at various places. He stayed in for almost a month. He had good experiences of his life there. He met different people in various Islamic lands. He further started his journey to Baghdad in a camel caravan which was returning from pilgrims. He reached Baghdad and practiced his career there.
In short, in his entire lifespan, he kept traveling. This a short summary of Ibn Battuta travels. He had amazing adventures in his journey and at least 10 times he got married.